Australian Fungi and Plants
Finding mycorrhizal fungi
Australian fungi and plants
Many Australian macrofungi form beneficial 'mycorrhizal' relationships with native trees such as Eucalypts and Wattles. Mycorrhiza is derived from the Classical Greek words for 'mushroom' and 'root'.
The hyphae of the fungus, surround the root tip of the plant.
Through photosynthesis, a chlorophyll-containing plant makes simple carbohydrates (using carbon dioxide, water and sunlight) and in exchange, fungi pass nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus) from soil to plants, help provide water and can also protect plants against disease.
Australian mycorrhizal fungi species have co-evolved with native plants and are found in the vicinity of a number of native tree species. For example, Eucalyptus spp. (Gum trees); Acacia spp. (Wattle trees); Pomaderris spp. (Native Dogwood); Leptospermum, Nothofagus cunninghamii (Myrtle).
Some common types of Australian mycorrhizal fungi include:
Gilled fungi - Amanita, Cortinarius, Inocybe, Laccaria, Lactarius, Russula, Tricholoma.
Bolete fungi (artificial grouping of pored macrofungi)
Gates, G. & Ratkowsky, D. (2014). A Field Guide to Tasmanian Fungi, Tasmanian Field Naturalists.